Adding a HTML5 minigame in Unity3D with Coherent UI (Tutorial)

by Nick February. 21, 13 5 Comments

Today, we’re starting a new series of blog posts with educational purposes. These posts will essentially be short tutorials for some cool new usage of HTML in your game. Let’s get right to the point and see what this first tutorial has to show.

Goal

Embed an existing HTML5 minigame that opens a door upon completion.

For this demo we’ve chosen a minigame called “Memory Box” – you can try it out on this URL. All credit for the game goes to its authors. There’s only one change in the code – we added an inline CSS style style=”background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0); to the “<body> element and removed thebackground-color: #000; line from the CSS at the top of the HTML file to make the background transparent.

If you’re very eager to see the final result, the video is at the bottom of the article.

Prerequisites

 

  • The AngryBots scene that comes with Unity3D
  • A cube mesh (the Unity3D box has flipped texture coordinates and shows Coherent UI textures upside down). We used this one.
  • Coherent UI for Unity3D (we’ll also assume that you’ve already imported the package in the AngryBots project)

 

Scene setup

The first thing to do is to pick a door that will be opened when the user completes the minigame. In the AngryBots scene most of the doors are prefabs that have pre-attached scripts. I picked an internal door near the hologram around the entrance. It uses the TriggerOnPresence.js script and I’ll refer to it throughout this article, so keep that in mind if you choose another door (external doors use a different script, for example).

Now that you have picked a door, add the cube-textures mesh somewhere around the door. It will be used as a surface where the minigame will be rendered. You don’t need the whole cube, just the front face will suffice, so feel free to delete the unneeded ones. It’s helpful to rename the new GameObject to something meaningful such as “CoherentSurface“. That’s how we’ll be referring to the object from now on.

After you’re happy with the placement of the object, add a CoherentUIView component to the surface so we can display HTML on it. Configure the URL, the resolution and make sure to tick the checkbox for transparency (you might not need it, depending on the minigame) and “Click to focus”. The latter redirects input to the CoherentUIView after you click on the surface and is useful if you can’t be bothered to write input forwarding code :).

If you hit play now you’ll already have the minigame up and running, but it won’t open the door yet. The setup so far should look like this:

Adding a HTML5 minigame in Unity3D with Coherent UI (Tutorial)
CoherentUIView setup for the minigame

Short digression: if you tried playing the minigame, you’ll notice that the player is firing when you click the dots. This can be distracting, so if you want to stop the firing you can add this code to TriggerOnMouseOrJoystick.js‘s Update method:


This will toggle the functianlity of the script (which is to fire bullets only) when the user presses the spacebar. Feel free to add any other logic, such as toggling firing when the CoherentUIView gains or loses focus or anything else that you might like.
 

Door opening logic

 
The door’s opening logic defined by the TriggerOnPresence.js script does the following: when the user enters the object’s collision volume, the OnTriggerEnter function is called, which in turn notifies all the subscribers for the specified signal. When the user exits the volume, the OnTriggerExit function is called and notifies the subscribers for the exit signal.
 
When inspecting the prefab, you’ll find out that this signaling breaks down to sending the “OnPlay” and “OnPlayReverse” messages to the “AudioSource” and “slidingDoor” sub-GameObjects. Now that we know how to open and close the door, we can start making changes.
 
We won’t need the proximity triggers anymore so just disable the TriggerOnPresence component from the sliding door GameObject. We’ll also need to be able to identify the door’s “AudioSource” and “slidingDoor” sub-objects, so we have to rename the door to something unique, such as “interiorDoorSlidingMinigame“. After we have this we can open the door with the following one-liner:
 
GameObject.Find(“interiorDoorSlidingMinigame/slidingDoor”).SendMessage(“OnPlay”);
 
Great!
 

Wiring the minigame completion to opening the door

 
First, we want to have means for sending messages to the game from JavaScript. To do that, add the coherent.js script that comes with the Coherent UI Unity3D package somewhere in the top of the HTML like so (the location of the src property may be different):
“<script type=”text/javascript” src=”coherent.js”></script>”.
This will define the “engine” object, which you can use for communication with the game.
 
Next, we have to find the code that’s executed when you complete a level. That’s at the bottom ofmemorybox.js, in the “if(this.isLastCorrectSquare)” conditional. If the script is totally unreadable to you, you can process it using jsbeautifier.org or some other service. Add the line “engine.call(“OpenDoor”);” at the end of the if block. This will send the message “OpenDoor” to the corresponding ViewListener. That’s all for the HTML/JS side – just 2 lines of code!
 
Last, we have to handle the message sent by JavaScript in the game. To do that we make a new script, MinigameDoorOpener, and add it to the GameObject with the CoherentUIView (the CoherentSurface object). This helper script will subscribe for the View Listener’s ReadyForBindings event and bind a handler for the “OpenDoor” message. The handler will simply open the door as we discussed previously. Its code is as follows (the sample script is written in C#, but you can use anything that Unity3D allows):


Now everything is wired and ready to use! After opening the door you can continue playing the minigame if you like it. You can also enhance the demo by enabling the TriggerOnPresence component of the door so it behaves like a normal door after you unlock it instead of just staying open.

Here’s the video of the final result:

That’s all for today’s tutorial on adding big value to your game in 10 minutes. Stay tuned for more!

 

Follow Nick on Twitter: @Nikxio

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  • Anthony Barranco

    I love it! Thank you. I just did a GameJam and I was trying to add a puzzle game to open a door before time ran out. But the actual GameJam ended before I could complete the complex puzzle. This would make it 10x easier and cooler.

    Reply
  • Yohan

    Great Article!

    Reply
  • Alexandre Moraes

    OH MAN! This is GREAT! Thanks!

    Reply
  • will ferrell

    For the time being i am using the desktop version and recently i tried to play an html5 game using CoherentUi. While the game starts normally in any browser i cant get it to start through the plugin. Its like my clicks don\’t \”reach\” the game.

    Reply
  • DT

    Hi Will,

    You need to tell the view with the game to consume input. You can do that by:

    var viewComponent = GetComponent();
    viewComponent.ReceivesInput = true;

    Reply